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                  12博官网手机版下载

                  2019年10月09日 11:45 来源:12博官网手机版下载

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                    (1) besides与except
                    前者表示“除……以外,还有……”;后者表示“从整体中除去……”
                    这个大家都知道,就不举例子了。
                    (2)except与except for
                    a.除去的和非除去的是同类事物,用except。
                    例如:
                    All the essays are well written except Nelson"s.
                    除了尼尔森外,其他人的作文都写得很好。
                    Nelson的文章(除去的)和All the essays(非除去的)是同类事物,所以用except。
                    b.除去的和非除去的不是同类事物,用except for,并且从语气上通常表示遗憾。
                    例如:
                    His essay is well written except for a few spelling mistakes.
                    他的作文写得不错,就是有一些拼写错误。
                    a few spelling mistakes(除去的)和His essay(非除去的)是不同类的事物。
                    (3)apart from 具有多重意义:既可表示besides,也可以表示exept或exept for,还可以表示without的意思。
                    例如:
                    Apart from the problem of money, it will take a lot of time.(=besides)
                    除了钱的问题外,这件事情还很费时间。
                    The orphan had no one to take care of him apart from his uncle.(=except)
                    除了他叔叔,没人照顾这个孤儿。
                    He has done good work, apart from a few slight faults.(=except for)
                    除去一些小失误,他的工作做得很好。
                    There can be no knowledge apart from practice.(=without)
                    实践出真知.
                    (4)excepting =except,但一般用于句首或用于not、without、always等词之后
                    例如:
                    Excepting his brother, they are all right.
                    除了他弟弟外,他们都是对的。
                    Everyone, not excepting myself, must share the blame.
                    每个人,我自己也不例外,都必须分担咎责。
                    All of us, without excepting those who know more about the subject, should study.
                    我们所有人,甚至对这个主题有所了解的人,都必须认真学习。
                    All my brothers come here every day, always excepting the youngest.
                    除了最小的弟弟总是不来,我所有的兄弟每天都来。
                    (5)but与except同义,但but多用在every、any、no等和由这些词构成的复合词如everything、anywhere、nobody等词以后及all、none之后。
                    例如:
                    The children go to school everyday but Sunday. 除了星期天,孩子们每天都要去上学。
                    They are all gone but me. 除我之外,他们都去了。
                    You can get the book anywhere but here. 除了这里,你可以在任何地方得到这本书。
                    There is no one but me. 这里除我之外没有别人。
                    Who but George would do such a thing? 除了乔治,谁会做这种事?


                    非谓语动词在英语语法中是很重要的一部分,在英语的使用中占着不可忽略的地位,对分析句子结构有着不可低估的作用。下面就简单地谈一下学习非谓语动词的方法。
                    1、非谓语动词的概念
                    要想学好非谓语动词,首先得明白什么是非谓语动词。
                    英语中的动词有很多形式,如动词原形、动词的第三人称单数形式、一般过去式、动词的ing形式、过去分词和动词不定式。后面三种就是非谓语动词。那么非谓语动词,顾名思义就是不作谓语动词的动词。谓语动词在句子中是不可缺少的,时态、语态和语气都要表示在谓语动词上,说明主语的动作或状态。非谓语动词不是谓语动词,仅补充说明句子或句子的某一成分,居于次要地位。也可以这样说,若一个句子有2个或2个以上的动词,从第2个动词开始就要考虑用某种非谓语动词形式或是与前面的动词并列用并列连词连接。如:
                     He likes singing English songs. (划线部分作likes的宾语)
                     She smiled and went away. (划线部分为与smiled并列的谓语动词)
                     2、非谓语动词的意义
                    首先在头脑中明确非谓语动词存在的意义才能实现分析和运用非谓语动词的目的。在句子中用非谓语动词可以简化句子,很多从句和并列的谓语动词都可以用非谓语动词表示出来,使句子结构简短化。如:
                     They walked slowly and talked about their past.
                     =They walked slowly, talking about their past.
                     If he had been given more time, he could have finished the work ahead of time.
                     =Given more time, he could have finished the work ahead of time
                     They wonder how they can overcome the present difficulties.
                    =They wonder how to overcome the present difficulties.
                     在英语中主张能用一个单词表示的就不用短语,能用短语表示的就不用句子,非谓语动词及其短语就能实现替代短语和句子的作用。同时,因为有了非谓语动词,可以在写文章时灵活运用简单句、并列句和复合句,使句子结构富于变化,成就一篇优美的文章。
                    3、非谓语动词的形式
                    粗略地一看,非谓语动词的形式多又杂,使得头脑中一塌糊涂。其实不然,静下心来想一想,能分出这么多的形式一定是有它们存在的道理的。
                     学习非谓语动词的形式和用法必须联系谓语动词的时态和语态,两者在称呼说法上有很多相似之处。过去分词只有一个形式很好记,结合谓语动词的被动语态(be+动词的过去分词)就能记住它表示被动或完成的含义,从而也就记住了其形式(done)。
                     另外两种非谓语动词(动词不定式和v-ing)的形式要多一些,总体上来说,它们的一般主动式就是它们本身的形式(to do sth,和doing sth)。一般被动式就是将它们本身的形式和被动语态的结构结合起来就形成了to be done和being done。它们的完成主动式(to have done sth,和having done sth,)和完成被动式(to have been done和having been done)就结合谓语动词的完成时态和被动语态来掌握。动词不定式还有进行式(to be doing sth)就结合谓语动词的进行时态来学习。至于所有非谓语动词的否定形式基本上都是在它们前面加not就是了。for/of sb,+to do sth是动词不定式的带有逻辑主语的复合结构。v-ing和过去分词复合结构就是在它们前面直接加上名词、人称代词(v-ing做主语、宾语、状语和过去分词做状语时)或形容词性物主代词、名词所有格(v-ing做主语、宾语时)为其逻辑主语,结合词性能作什么成分去分析掌握。
                    4、非谓语动词的含义
                    非谓语动词的每种形式的含义须与其谓语动词发生的先后时间进行比较和参考与其逻辑主语的主动、被动关系。每种非谓语动词有自己的基本含义,如:动词不定式的最基本含义是“将要”,即发生在谓语动词之后。v-ing形式表示“主动、正在进行”,与谓语动词基本上是同时发生或紧接着发生。过去分词(done,仅有这一种形式)表示“被动或完成”,即发生在谓语动词之前,与其逻辑主语是被动关系。
                     但动词不定式和v-lng的各种具体形式又有不同的含义。
                     动词不定式的一般主动式(to do sth)和一般被动式(to be done)是发生在谓语动词之后,与其逻辑主语分别是主动和被动关系;进行式(to be doing sth)是与谓语动词基本上同时发生,与其逻辑主语是主动关系(此种形式没有被动式);完成主动式(to have done sth)和完成被动式(to have been done)是发生在谓语动词之前,与其逻辑主语分别是主动和被动关系。v-ing的一般主动式(doing sth)和一般被动式(being done)是与谓语动词同时或紧接着发生,与其逻辑主语分别是主动和被动关系;完成主动式(having done sth)和完成被动式(being done)是先于谓语动词发生,与其逻辑主语分别是主动和被动关系(v-ing的完成被动式不用作定语,此时用过去分词代替,因为他们的含义是一样的,所有以从简的原则来说用过去分词作定语比v-ing的完成被动式作定语要简单一些)。
                     注意:每种非谓语动词的逻辑主语要从整个句子的意思上和结构上去确定。
                    5、多分析理解非谓语动词的用法
                    在运用非谓语动词的时侯,不仅需考虑它们每种形式的具体含义,还要考虑每种非谓语动词的用法及其固定用法。这就需要学习者不仅要分析学习其基本规律还要积累它们的固定用法和搭配。学习者能耐心细致还要吃苦是非常必要的。非谓语动词具有动词的特点,但在句子中起着名词、形容词、副词等的作用,相应地就可以充当主语、表语、定语、宾语、宾语补足语、状语等的作用。因此在掌握非谓语动词的用法时把它们分别看成相应的词性,也就具有相应词性的一些用法。
                     综上所述,要想学好几种非谓语动词的用法,需要当有心人,平时多做笔记,经常整理笔记,理清思路。然后多做比较,多问为什么。在理解他们的用法之后,最重要的一点是多模仿着运用非谓语动词,都进行从句与非谓语动词的相同含义的句型转换,这样你就能很随意地驾驭各种句型了。


                    (一)
                    While my father was an officer of the British army in South Africa, we lived in a ___1___ house. One ___2___ my father and sister and I were sitting together. He was ___3___ the window. I suddenly ___4___ that he was turning very pale. I sat ___5___, for I didn’t want to ___6___ my sick sister. Soon father said in a ___7___ voice, “Kate and Joan, a friend of mine ___8___ here to see me this evening, and I wish to be ___9 ___ him. Will you go up to your own room?” We ___10___, went to our room and closed the door.
                    Soon I heard a ___11___ like that of a door burst in, and then a climb of feet. They were hurrying ___12___ the narrow stairs. Fearing that there was ___13___ near, I seized the pisto on the table. Then I heard my father cry out, “For God’s sake, child, ___14___ the door.” I did so. To my horror, I saw, ___15___ my father’s shoulder; a gorilla, the worst enemy of the soldier in ___16___, he was ___17 ___ my father. I raised the pistol and fired. The animal fell backwards with ___18___ loud cry. Father took the ___19___ smoking pistol from my hand, and fired another shot, which ___20___ the gorilla.
                    It happened that father ___21___ us upstairs because he thought he would be able to___22___the door-which was twenty feet away ___23___ the animal reached it. However, the gorilla was too ___24___ for him; and this was the cause of the ___25___ flight up the stairs.
                    1. A. two-storeyedB. two storeyedC. two-storeysD. two storeys
                    2. A. o’clock B. night C. evening D. time
                    3. A. towardsB. opposite C. inside D. behind
                    4. A. knew B. learned C. felt D. noticed
                    5. A. still B. lonelyC. sadly D. unhappily
                    6. A. hurtB. frighten C. loseD. trouble
                    7. A. loudB. sadC. calmD. pleasant
                    8. A. was B. comes C. would be D. is coming
                    9. A. friendly toB. alone with C. helpful to D. careful with
                    10. A. promised B. trembled C. obeyedD. replied
                    11 A. sound B. cryC. voice D. shout
                    12. A. to B. downC. through D. up
                    13. A. some difficulty B. a thief
                    C. some danger D. an accident
                    14. A. open B. close C. pull D. draw
                    15. A. on B. above C. over D. from

                  12博官网手机版下载信誉:一夜蔓延1400英亩!


                    In our subconscious minds, there is always a perfect vision in which we see ourselves on a long, long journey that almost spans the entire continent. We’re traveling by passenger train and, from the windows, we drink in the passing scene of cars on nearby highways, of children waving at crossings, of cattle grazing in distant hillsides, of smoke pouring from power plants, of row upon row of cotton and corn and wheat, of flatlands and valleys, of mountains and rolling hills, of city skylines and village halls.
                    But our minds are always focused on the final destination—for at a certain hour and on a given day, our train will finally pull into the station with bells ringing, flags waving, and bands playing. And once we get there, so many wonderful dreams will come true. So many wishes will be fulfilled and so many pieces of our lives finally will be neatly fitted together like a completed jigsaw puzzle. So restlessly, we pace the aisles and count the miles, peering ahead, waiting, waiting, waiting for the station.
                    “Yes, when we reach the station, that will be it!” We promise ourselves. “When I’m 18, that will be it! When I buy a new Mercedes Benz, that will be it! When I put the last kid through college, that will be it! When I have paid off the mortgage, that will be it! When I win a promotion, that will be it! When I reach the age of retirement, that will be it!”
                    From that day on we will all live happily ever after.
                    Unfortunately, once we get it, then it disappears. The station somehow hides itself at the end of an endless track.
                    Sooner or later, we must realize there is no station in this life, no one earthly place to arrive at once and for all. The journey is the joy. The station is an illusion—it always outdistances us. Yesterday’s a memory, tomorrow’s a dream. Yesterday’s a fading sunset, tomorrow’s a faint suise. Only today is there light enough to love and live.
                    So, gently close the door on yesterday and then throw the key away. It isn’t the burdens of today that drive men mad, but rather the regret over yesterday and the fear of tomorrow. Regret and fear are twin thieves who would rob us of today.
                    So stop pacing the aisles and counting the miles. Instead, swim more rivers, climb more mountains, kiss more babies, count more stars. Laugh more and cry less. Go barefoot oftener. Eat more ice cream. Ride more merry-go-rounds. Watch more sunsets. Life must be lived as we go along. The station will come soon enough.


                    A recent survey shows that people who get higher salaries generally work longer hours than those who get lower salaries. Some people favor higher-paying jobs, even though such jobs always result in longer work time. They believe that money is so indispensable in people’s lives that without it no material comforts or well-being can be guaranteed.
                    However, others have different preferences. They would rather take up lower-paying jobs with shorter hours. In their eyes, money doesn’t necessarily ensure happiness and well-being. They want to spend more time in doing their likes and getting together with their family and friends.
                    As for me, I prefer to take up a job with shorter hours even if it pays less. In my opinion, work is not our whole life. We should allocate enough time to our family and friends and have more time to enjoy our life. Besides, we are not machines. We need time to relax and rest so that we could be energetic enough to do our job better.

                  12博官网手机版下载平台:西安举办城墙光影展演!


                    尽管经历了东欧剧变,东欧各国正以前所未有的速度向前发展。让我们一起前往波兰和捷克两国,了解当地的人文历史,领略魅力无穷的东欧风情吧!
                    
                    For centuries, Poland has been a bridge between Western and Eastern Europe. Set in the heart of Europe, Poland is a multi-faceted country where the capital Warsaw and medieval towns attract contemporary city slickers; and where horse-drawn carts pass through country lanes, untouched by the progress of the country. Poland is roughly square. It’s bordered by the Baltic Sea to the northwest, by Germany to the west, the Czech and Slovak republics to the south and Ukraine, Belarus, Lithuania and Russia to the east. The flat central belt is the main agricultural area, watered by Poland’s longest river, the Vistula. Like all Poland’s rivers, it runs towards the north, draining into the Baltic Sea.
                     Over the past decade, Poland has developed into a modern, vibrant and progressive country. Yet at the same time it maintains its traditional culture. There are two major cities in Poland you should know about Krakòw and Warsaw. As the royal capital for half a millennium, Krakòw absorbed more of Poland’s history than any other city in the country. As Poland’s most popular tourist destination, as well as an architectural and cultural gem, the city came through WWII unscathed. It has retained a wealth of old architecture from different periods. The tallest structures dominating Krakòw’s skyline are the spires of old churches. Krakòw is a city alive with character and soul. During July every year, there are numerous festivals held in Krakòw, everything from street theatre to jazz.
                     Emerging like a phoenix from the ashes of WWII, Warsaw is essentially a postwar city. Its handful of historic areas have been meticulously reconstructed, but most of its urban landscape is modern. With an intriguing mix of old and new, the capital of Poland grows by leaps and bounds. Warsaw has turned into a thrilling busy city. The Royal Castle in Warsaw was the seat of kings from the 17th century on. Totally destroyed during WWII, the castle was restored to its former beauty during the 1970’s. Now, it is open to the public as a splendid museum.
                     Another museum worthy of mentioning is the war-related Auschwitz Museum. Auschwitz needs no introduction. The museum is a fitting testament to one of humanity’s most deplorable atrocities. Photography is permitted. There’s a small charge to see the 15-minute documentary shown in the Auschwitz cinema. It definitely reminds you of the Polish Jews, whose presence died due to the Hitlerite Holocaust.
                     Over the centuries, Polish kings and magnates erected numerous defensive castles and stately palaces. Turbulent history has reduced many of them into piles of rubble. Some of them, however, have been spared and today carefully restored enchant us with their beauty.
                     Situated in the south of Poland’s harbor city Gdansk, Malbork Castle is reputedly Europe’s largest Gothic castle. It’s one of Poland’s oldest and a splendid example of a classic medieval fortress, with multiple defensive walls, a labyrinth of rooms and chambers and some exquisite architectural detail. In 1997, the castle was included on UNESCO’s World Heritage list. Polish towns reflect the whole spectrum of European styles. Poland’s eastern frontiers mark the boundary of the influences of western architecture on the continent. Still today, you can see well-preserved Medieval, Gothic and Renaissance towns some renowned as the most beautiful in Europe.


                    (1) besides与except
                    前者表示“除……以外,还有……”;后者表示“从整体中除去……”
                    这个大家都知道,就不举例子了。
                    (2)except与except for
                    a.除去的和非除去的是同类事物,用except。
                    例如:
                    All the essays are well written except Nelson"s.
                    除了尼尔森外,其他人的作文都写得很好。
                    Nelson的文章(除去的)和All the essays(非除去的)是同类事物,所以用except。
                    b.除去的和非除去的不是同类事物,用except for,并且从语气上通常表示遗憾。
                    例如:
                    His essay is well written except for a few spelling mistakes.
                    他的作文写得不错,就是有一些拼写错误。
                    a few spelling mistakes(除去的)和His essay(非除去的)是不同类的事物。
                    (3)apart from 具有多重意义:既可表示besides,也可以表示exept或exept for,还可以表示without的意思。
                    例如:
                    Apart from the problem of money, it will take a lot of time.(=besides)
                    除了钱的问题外,这件事情还很费时间。
                    The orphan had no one to take care of him apart from his uncle.(=except)
                    除了他叔叔,没人照顾这个孤儿。
                    He has done good work, apart from a few slight faults.(=except for)
                    除去一些小失误,他的工作做得很好。
                    There can be no knowledge apart from practice.(=without)
                    实践出真知.
                    (4)excepting =except,但一般用于句首或用于not、without、always等词之后
                    例如:
                    Excepting his brother, they are all right.
                    除了他弟弟外,他们都是对的。
                    Everyone, not excepting myself, must share the blame.
                    每个人,我自己也不例外,都必须分担咎责。
                    All of us, without excepting those who know more about the subject, should study.
                    我们所有人,甚至对这个主题有所了解的人,都必须认真学习。
                    All my brothers come here every day, always excepting the youngest.
                    除了最小的弟弟总是不来,我所有的兄弟每天都来。
                    (5)but与except同义,但but多用在every、any、no等和由这些词构成的复合词如everything、anywhere、nobody等词以后及all、none之后。
                    例如:
                    The children go to school everyday but Sunday. 除了星期天,孩子们每天都要去上学。
                    They are all gone but me. 除我之外,他们都去了。
                    You can get the book anywhere but here. 除了这里,你可以在任何地方得到这本书。
                    There is no one but me. 这里除我之外没有别人。
                    Who but George would do such a thing? 除了乔治,谁会做这种事?


                    (1) besides与except
                    前者表示“除……以外,还有……”;后者表示“从整体中除去……”
                    这个大家都知道,就不举例子了。
                    (2)except与except for
                    a.除去的和非除去的是同类事物,用except。
                    例如:
                    All the essays are well written except Nelson"s.
                    除了尼尔森外,其他人的作文都写得很好。
                    Nelson的文章(除去的)和All the essays(非除去的)是同类事物,所以用except。
                    b.除去的和非除去的不是同类事物,用except for,并且从语气上通常表示遗憾。
                    例如:
                    His essay is well written except for a few spelling mistakes.
                    他的作文写得不错,就是有一些拼写错误。
                    a few spelling mistakes(除去的)和His essay(非除去的)是不同类的事物。
                    (3)apart from 具有多重意义:既可表示besides,也可以表示exept或exept for,还可以表示without的意思。
                    例如:
                    Apart from the problem of money, it will take a lot of time.(=besides)
                    除了钱的问题外,这件事情还很费时间。
                    The orphan had no one to take care of him apart from his uncle.(=except)
                    除了他叔叔,没人照顾这个孤儿。
                    He has done good work, apart from a few slight faults.(=except for)
                    除去一些小失误,他的工作做得很好。
                    There can be no knowledge apart from practice.(=without)
                    实践出真知.
                    (4)excepting =except,但一般用于句首或用于not、without、always等词之后
                    例如:
                    Excepting his brother, they are all right.
                    除了他弟弟外,他们都是对的。
                    Everyone, not excepting myself, must share the blame.
                    每个人,我自己也不例外,都必须分担咎责。
                    All of us, without excepting those who know more about the subject, should study.
                    我们所有人,甚至对这个主题有所了解的人,都必须认真学习。
                    All my brothers come here every day, always excepting the youngest.
                    除了最小的弟弟总是不来,我所有的兄弟每天都来。
                    (5)but与except同义,但but多用在every、any、no等和由这些词构成的复合词如everything、anywhere、nobody等词以后及all、none之后。
                    例如:
                    The children go to school everyday but Sunday. 除了星期天,孩子们每天都要去上学。
                    They are all gone but me. 除我之外,他们都去了。
                    You can get the book anywhere but here. 除了这里,你可以在任何地方得到这本书。
                    There is no one but me. 这里除我之外没有别人。
                    Who but George would do such a thing? 除了乔治,谁会做这种事?

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